SIR ISAAC NEWTON – Mini Biography (1643 — 1727)
Sir Isaac Newton, a well known and established Philosopher, Astronomer, Physicist, Scientists and Mathematician was born on January 4, 1643 in Woolsthrope, Lincolnshire, England ( using the old Julian calendar, Newton’s birth date was December 25, 1642).
Sir Isaac Newton was the only son of a prosperous local farmer, who was also known as Isaac Newton; He (His father) died three months before he was born. Sir Isaac Newton was regarded as a premature baby, he was tiny, weak and was not expected to survive.
He moved in with his maternal grandmother when he was three years old, and was later re-united with his biological mother at age twelve. His mother’s name is Hannah Ayscough Newton.
Sir Isaac Newton might not have graduated with honors or distinction from Cambridge University, his efforts won him the title of a scholar and four years of financial support for future education.
Cambridge University was forced to close down in 1665, due to the great plague that was grievous in Europe. Sir Isaac Newton returned home and spent most of his time reading and studying, it was during this 18 month of staying at home that he conceived the method of infinitesimal calculus, set foundation for his theory of light and colour, and he gained phenomenon insights into the law of planetary motion.
Newton expressed his famous law of gravity with a falling apple.
Sir Isaac Newton received his master of Art degree in 1669, before he was 27 years old. In 1668, Newton designed a reflecting telescope that he constructed, this invention helped proof his theory of light and colour.
The colour wheel roots date back to the mid 1600s when Sir Isaac Newton’s work with light led him to the discovery of the visible spectrum of light. While it looks as though the colour wheel is the visible spectrum of colours placed on a wheel. Sir Isaac Newton experiment with prism stated order wise, his experiment led to the theory that Red, Yellow and Blue were primary colours from which all other colours were derived.
In the late 1660s, Newton starts experimenting with his perception and understanding of colours. It was recorded that Sir Isaac Newton set up a prism near his window, and projected a beautiful spectrum 22 feet onto the light by changing the direction of the light back together. Light enters the prism from the top right and is refracted by the glass.
People were marvel by Sir Isaac Newton demonstration that light alone was responsible for colours, as well as his arrangement of colours around the circumference of a circle.
His colour wheel became a template for many colour palette, and it has made it easier for lovers of colours to create appealing palettes or designs by applying the theory of the colour wheel.